Snoring like any other sound is always caused by vibrations. It is caused due to vibrations of nose and throat tissues that are not meant to vibrate by nature. It is due to the result of turbulent airflow causing those tissues to vibrate during sleep.
Studies show that around 45 per cent males and 30 per cent females snore regularly. There are many people who do not snore regularly, do snore when they are drunk or during illness and sometime while under medication.
No clear relation has been found to body weight and snoring. Some time a thin lady may snore more loudly than a very fat man or vice versa. Usually people tend to snore more as they grow older.
Cause of snoring
Obstructions to air movement in our respiratory passage during sleep cause snoring. The airflow may be blocked during breathing when we sleep for many reasons. Some are:
- Due to problematic throat, it may close during sleep.
- Tension in facial muscles may disturb the position of jaw.
- Excessive fat accumulation around throat area.
- Ant blockage or obstruction in nasal passage.
- Snoring caused by vibration of tissues in airways.
Snoring causes problems
The immediate problem, that snoring causes, is not to the snorers but the other person who sleeps with them. Obviously their sleep is disturbed. Snoring is also known to deprive the snorer of his sleep. It happens so; most of the snorers have sleepless nights following sleepy days, causing damages to psychological and social spheres of them. Several studies established relation between loud snoring and heart attack or stroke. This may be an early warning sometime in some cases. There are cases of impacts on conjugal life due to snoring; specially snoring aloud distorts conjugal life multiple evidences suggest.
Diagnosis and treatment
Snoring is problem rarely discovered by the sufferers. It is always the partner or friend who what the snorer during sleep identify the problem. Sometime “sleep apnea” may associate snoring as an additional problem. However, the extent of sleep disturbance and it’s nature found in individual case of the sufferers, are to be considered to diagnose the cause.
Treatments of snoring hover around removing the blockage in air passage for breathing. Different ways are adopted for doing that. Overweight patients are always advised to reduce their weight to lose fat around nose and throat, stop smoking to clear their throat and sleep on their side refraining their tongue to block the passage. The other measures of treatment options available are lubricating nose spray, anti snoring clothing and pillow and nose clips. Snoring is recognized as a medical problem and sufferers should always seek professional help to cure it from it’s root.
The most common mode of treating snoring by professionals is using a dental appliance known as mandibular advancement splints. This apparatus pulls the tongue forward by advancing the lower jaw. Thus clearing the airways, if blocked by tongue. It helps cure snoring and sleep apnea. It is safe and easy to use.
Other option is using a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine. This involves a wearing a mask while sleeping over nose.
Other options available for treating snoring is surgery, it is invasive and widens the airway by removing tissues around throat and nose. However surgery is risky and has side effects. In worst cases it has worsen the problem instead of lessening it. A new method of surgery known as Radiofrequency ablation or RFA is more safer, though needs number of sittings as outpatients; it controls snoring but may not cure it completely.